North Carolina

State

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2020 Population
10.4M
1.18% 1-year growth
US Senator
Richard Burr
Republican Party
US Senator
Thom Tillis
Republican Party
2020 Median Age
38.9
0.517% 1-year increase
2020 Poverty Rate
14%
4.87% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$56,642
3.74% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$182,100
5.57% 1-year growth
2020 Employed Population
4.68M
1.36% 1-year growth

About

In 2020, North Carolina had a population of 10.4M people with a median age of 38.9 and a median household income of $56,642. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of North Carolina grew from 10.3M to 10.4M, a 1.18% increase and its median household income grew from $54,602 to $56,642, a 3.74% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in North Carolina are White (Non-Hispanic) (62.6%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (21%), White (Hispanic) (4.97%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (2.95%), and Other (Hispanic) (2.93%).

11.8% of the households in North Carolina reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

95.2% of the residents in North Carolina are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in North Carolina are North Carolina State University at Raleigh (10,090 degrees awarded in 2020), University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (9,964 degrees), and Wake Technical Community College (8,788 degrees).

In 2020, the median property value in North Carolina was $182,100, and the homeownership rate was 65.7%. Most people in North Carolina drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 24.9 minutes. The average car ownership in North Carolina was 2 cars per household.

North Carolina borders Georgia, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia.

Diversity

North Carolina is home to a population of 10.4M people, from which 95.2% are citizens. As of 2020, 8.02% of North Carolina residents were born outside of the country (833k people).

In 2020, there were 2.98 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (6.5M people) in North Carolina than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.18M Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 516k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in North Carolina are Spanish (736,886 households), Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (37,320 households), and French (Incl. Cajun) (29,939 households).

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in North Carolina
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    6.5M ± 3.48k
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    2.18M ± 5.32k
  3. White (Hispanic)
    516k ± 8.16k
9.54%
Hispanic Population
991k people

In 2020, there were 2.98 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (6.5M people) in North Carolina than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.18M Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 516k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

9.54% of the people in North Carolina are hispanic (991k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in North Carolina as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    736,886 households (7.53%)
  2. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)
    37,320 households (0.382%)
  3. French (Incl. Cajun)
    29,939 households (0.306%)

11.8% of the households in North Carolina reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2020, the most common non-English language spoken in households in North Carolina was Spanish. 7.53% of the households in North Carolina reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

8.02%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
833k people
8.02%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
823k people

As of 2020, 8.02% of North Carolina residents (833k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in North Carolina was 8.02%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in North Carolina compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

39
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.2
41
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 0.2

In 2020, the median age of all people in North Carolina was 38.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in North Carolina are getting getting older. In 2019, the average age of all North Carolina residents was 39.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    224,275 ± 11,501 people
  2. India
    74,765 ± 6,689 people
  3. Honduras
    37,815 ± 4,766 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of North Carolina was Mexico, the natal country of 224,275 North Carolina residents, followed by India with 74,765 and Honduras with 37,815.

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Citizenship

95.2%
2020 Citizenship
95.1%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 95.2% of North Carolina residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in North Carolina was 95.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in North Carolina compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    207,354 ± 3,063
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    151,733 ± 3,343
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    105,188 ± 2,528

North Carolina has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.37 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in North Carolina, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Carolina.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in North Carolina (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Carolina.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in North Carolina. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in North Carolina.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Carolina.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of North Carolina across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Median household income in North Carolina is $56,642. In 2020, the county with the highest Median Household Income in North Carolina was Wake County, NC with a value of $83,567, followed by Union County, NC and Orange County, NC, with respective values of $82,557 and $74,803.

Males in North Carolina have an average income that is 1.32 times higher than the average income of females, which is $49,357. The income inequality in North Carolina (measured using the Gini index) is 0.47, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of North Carolina employs 4.68M people. The largest industries in North Carolina are Restaurants & Food Services (324,706 people), Construction (293,993 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (257,504 people), and the highest paying industries are Miscellaneous petroleum & coal products ($138,030), Software publishing ($116,496), and Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($115,415).

Wages

Median Household Income

$56,642
2020 value
± $280
3.74%
1 Year Growth
± 0.627%

Households in North Carolina have a median annual income of $56,642, which is less than the median annual income of $64,994 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $54,602 in 2019, which represents a 3.74% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in North Carolina compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Sex in Common Jobs

$65,285
Average Male Salary in North Carolina
± $1,177
$49,357
Average Female Salary in North Carolina
± $863

In 2020, full-time male employees in North Carolina made 1.32 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the sex-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in North Carolina by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in North Carolina
  1. Asian
    $68,761 ± $4,586
  2. White
    $55,155 ± $864
  3. Two or More Races
    $42,126 ± $3,548

In 2020 the highest paid race/ethnicity of North Carolina workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in North Carolina.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in North Carolina by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.47
2020 Wage GINI in North Carolina
0.472
2019 Wage GINI in North Carolina

In 2020, the income inequality in North Carolina was 0.47 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.395% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for North Carolina was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in North Carolina in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in North Carolina across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2020, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in North Carolina was Wake County, NC with a value of $83,567, followed by Union County, NC and Orange County, NC, with respective values of $82,557 and $74,803.

The following map shows all of the counties in North Carolina colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Sex

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

14% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in North Carolina (1.41M out of 10.1M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    742,056 ± 7,458
  2. Black
    456,894 ± 5,709
  3. Hispanic
    230,691 ± 4,046

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in North Carolina is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

4.68M
2020 Value
1.36%
1 Year growth
± 1.36%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in North Carolina grew at a rate of 1.36%, from 4.61M employees to 4.68M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in North Carolina, are Other managers (120,261 people), Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (114,494 people), and Cashiers (112,767 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of North Carolina.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of North Carolina, by number of employees, are Other managers (120,261 people), Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (114,494 people), and Cashiers (112,767 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, North Carolina has an unusually high number of residents working as Textile machine setters, operators, and tenders (7.22 times higher than expected), Upholsterers (4.21 times), and Tire builders (3.58 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of North Carolina, by average salary, are Surgeons ($246,502), Physicians ($236,648), and Dentists ($219,495).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

4.68M
2020 Value
1.36%
1 Year growth
± 1.36%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in North Carolina grew at a rate of 1.36%, from 4.61M employees to 4.68M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in North Carolina, are Restaurants & Food Services (324,706 people), Construction (293,993 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (257,504 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of North Carolina, though some of these residents may live in North Carolina and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in North Carolina, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services (324,706 people), Construction (293,993 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (257,504 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, North Carolina has an unusually high number of Knitting fabric mills, & apparel knitting mills (12.6 times higher than expected), Fiber, yarn, & thread mills (12.5 times), and Tobacco manufacturing (12.2 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in North Carolina, by average salary, are Miscellaneous petroleum & coal products ($138,030), Software publishing ($116,496), and Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($115,415).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from North Carolina to other states, or from other states to North Carolina.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $53.9B
  2. $49B
  3. $48.7B

In 2020, the top outbound North Carolina product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $53.9B, followed by Machinery ($49B) and Pharmaceuticals ($48.7B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound North Carolina products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for North Carolina.
$488B
2020 Value in North Carolina
$926B
Projected 2050 Value in North Carolina
89.6% growth

In 2020, total outbound North Carolina trade was $488B. This is expected to increase 89.6% to $926B by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound North Carolina trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from North Carolina to other states, or from other states to North Carolina.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $35.1B
  2. $27B
  3. $18.5B

In 2020, the top outbound North Carolina domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was South Carolina with $35.1B, followed by Virginia with $27B and Georgia and $18.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that North Carolina shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in North Carolina went to Donald J. Trump with 49.9% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (48.6%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (0.881%). The most partisan county was Durham County, NC with 80.4% of the vote going to Joseph R Biden Jr. running for the Democratic Party.

Richard Burr and Thom Tillis are the senators currently representing the state of North Carolina. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

North Carolina is currently represented by 13 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for North Carolina
49.9% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in North Carolina
  1. 80.4% for Joseph R Biden Jr. (Democratic Party)
  2. 80% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 79.5% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2020 presidential election, the most partisan county in North Carolina was Durham County, NC with 80.4% of the vote going to Joseph R Biden Jr. running for the Democratic Party.

The following map shows the counties in North Carolina colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from North Carolina

Richard Burr
Senator from North Carolina3
Assumed office on January 3, 2005
Thom Tillis
Senator from North Carolina2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

Richard Burr and Thom Tillis are the senators currently representing North Carolina.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in North Carolina over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from North Carolina

North Carolina is currently represented by 13 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for North Carolina have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2020, universities in North Carolina awarded 160,413 degrees. The student population of North Carolina is skewed towards women, with 224,902 male students and 339,591 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in North Carolina are White (94,376 and 61.7%), followed by Black or African American (28,484 and 18.6%), Hispanic or Latino (12,888 and 8.42%), and Asian (5,989 and 3.91%).

The largest universities in North Carolina by number of degrees awarded are North Carolina State University at Raleigh (10,090 and 6.29%), University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (9,964 and 6.21%), and Wake Technical Community College (8,788 and 5.48%).

The most popular majors in North Carolina are Liberal Arts & Sciences (15,922 and 9.93%), General Business Administration & Management (13,199 and 8.23%), and Registered Nursing (6,123 and 3.82%).

The median tuition costs in North Carolina are $28,680 for private four year colleges, and $4,122 and $17,246 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 5,037 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 3,459 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 3,336 degree-majorss awarded

In 2020, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in North Carolina was General Business Administration & Management with 5,037 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in North Carolina according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 10,090 degrees awarded
  2. 9,964 degrees awarded
  3. 8,788 degrees awarded
$4,122
Median In-State Public
$28,680
Median Private

In 2020, the North Carolina institution with the largest number of graduating students was North Carolina State University at Raleigh with 10,090 degrees awarded.

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Student Sex for Common Institutions

67,929
Degrees Awarded to Men
92,484
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2020, 67,929 men were awarded degrees from institutions in North Carolina, which is 0.734 times less than the 92,484 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the sex disparity between the top 5 institutions in North Carolina by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    94,376 degrees awarded
  2. Black or African American
    28,484 degrees awarded
  3. Hispanic or Latino
    12,888 degrees awarded

In 2020 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions in North Carolina was White students. These 94,376 degrees mean that there were 3.31 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 28,484 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in North Carolina was $182,100 in 2020, which is 0.792 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $172,500 to $182,100, a 5.57% increase. The homeownership rate in North Carolina is 65.7%, which is higher than the national average of 64.4%. People in North Carolina have an average commute time of 24.9 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in North Carolina is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$182,100
2020 Median
± $839
$172,500
2019 Median
± $438

In 2020, the median property value in North Carolina grew to to $182,100 from the previous year's value of $172,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in North Carolina compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In North Carolina the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$56,642
Median Household Income
± $280
4.03M
Number of Households
± 16,418

In 2020, the median household income of the 4.03M households in North Carolina grew to $56,642 from the previous year's value of $54,602.

The following chart displays the households in North Carolina distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499
Average Range

This chart shows the households in North Carolina distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In North Carolina the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

65.7%
2020 Homeownership
65.2%
2019 Homeownership

In 2020, 65.7% of the housing units in North Carolina were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 65.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.4%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in North Carolina compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

24.9 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in North Carolina have a shorter commute time (24.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 2.07% of the workforce in North Carolina have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in North Carolina compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (79.3%)
  2. Carpooled (8.96%)
  3. Worked At Home (7.68%)

In 2020, 79.3% of workers in North Carolina drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (8.96%) and those who worked at home (7.68%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in North Carolina distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in North Carolina have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

89.3% of the population of North Carolina has health coverage, with 44.9% on employee plans, 15.1% on Medicaid, 12.4% on Medicare, 14.1% on non-group plans, and 2.83% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in North Carolina was $7,264 in 2014. This is a 3.37% increase from the previous year ($7,027).

Primary care physicians in North Carolina see 1405 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.496% decrease from the previous year (1412 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1718 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 389 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Jones County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (27.2%). Additionally, Bladen County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (49.1%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,405 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in North Carolina

Primary care physicians in North Carolina see an average of 1,405 patients per year. This represents a 0.496% decrease from the previous year (1,412 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in North Carolina in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Carolina.
$7,264
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in North Carolina
$3,859
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,225
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$10,260
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in North Carolina (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.37%, from $7,027 to $7,264.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.7%
Uninsured
44.9%
Employer Coverage
15.1%
Medicaid
12.4%
Medicare
14.1%
Non-Group
2.83%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in North Carolina declined by 0.505% from 10.7% to 10.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in North Carolina changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 27.2% prevalence
  2. 25.2% prevalence
  3. 23.2% prevalence

Jones County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in North Carolina, at 27.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in North Carolina by county over multiple years.

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