United States

Nation

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2019 Population
328M
0.328% 1-year growth
President
Joe Biden
Democratic Party
Electoral Votes
306 to 232
51.4% Popular Vote
2019 Median Age
38.5
0.785% 1-year increase
2019 Poverty Rate
12.3%
5.92% 1-year decrease
2019 Median Household Income
$65,712
6.09% 1-year growth
2019 Median Property Value
$240,500
4.7% 1-year growth
2019 Employed Population
152M
1.48% 1-year growth

About

In 2019, The United States had a population of 328M people with a median age of 38.5 and a median household income of $65,712. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of United States grew from 327M to 328M, a 0.328% increase and its median household income grew from $61,937 to $65,712, a 6.09% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in the United States are White (Non-Hispanic) (60%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (12.4%), White (Hispanic) (12.1%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (5.61%), and Other (Hispanic) (4.73%). 22% of the households in the United States speak a non-English language at home as their primary language.

93.4% of the residents in the United States are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in United States are Western Governors University (34,132 degrees awarded in 2019), University of Phoenix-Arizona (29,222 degrees), and Ivy Tech Community College (27,188 degrees).

In 2019, the median property value in the United States was $240,500, and the homeownership rate was 64.1%. Most people in the United States drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 26 minutes. The average car ownership in the United States was 2 cars per household.

The most populated states in the United States are California, Texas, and Florida and the least populated are Wyoming, Vermont, and District of Columbia. The most populated counties are Los Angeles County, CA, Cook County, IL, and Harris County, TX, while the most populated census designated places are New York, NY, Los Angeles, CA, and Chicago, IL.

About the photo: View of Yosemite Valley, Yosemite National Park

Diversity

The United States is home to a population of 328M people, from which 93.4% are citizens. As of 2019, 13.7% of United States residents were born outside of the country (45M people).

In 2019, there were 4.85 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (197M people) in the United States than any other race or ethnicity. There were 40.6M Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 39.7M White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common foreign languages spoken in the United States are Spanish (41,757,391 speakers), Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (3,494,544 speakers), and Tagalog (Incl. Filipino) (1,763,585 speakers).

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in the United States
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    197M ± 22.5k
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    40.6M ± 70k
  3. White (Hispanic)
    39.7M ± 101k
18.4%
Hispanic Population
60.5M people

In 2019, there were 4.85 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (197M people) in the United States than any other race or ethnicity. There were 40.6M Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 39.7M White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

18.4% of the people in the United States are hispanic (60.5M people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in the United States as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages
  1. Spanish
    41,757,391 speakers (13.5%)
  2. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)
    3,494,544 speakers (1.13%)
  3. Tagalog (Incl. Filipino)
    1,763,585 speakers (0.571%)

22% of United States citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 22%.

In 2019, the most common non-English language spoken in the United States was Spanish. 13.5% of the overall population of the United States are native Spanish speakers. 1.13% speak Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) and 0.571% speak Tagalog (Incl. Filipino), the next two most common languages.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

13.7%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
45M people
13.7%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
44.8M people

As of 2019, 13.7% of United States residents (45M people) were born outside of the country. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens was 13.7%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

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Age by Nativity

37
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.1
46
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 0.1

In 2019, the median age of all people in the United States was 38.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 37, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 46. But people in the United States are getting getting older. In 2018, the average age of all United States residents was 38.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    10,867,215 ± 79,583 people
  2. India
    2,686,889 ± 40,079 people
  3. China
    2,257,642 ± 36,762 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of the United States was Mexico, the natal country of 10,867,215 the United States residents, followed by India with 2,686,889 and China with 2,257,642.

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Citizenship

93.4%
2019 Citizenship
93.2%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 93.4% of United States residents were US citizens. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens was 93.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    5,849,419 ± 34,368
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    3,772,708 ± 39,065
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    2,512,036 ± 33,659

The United States has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.55 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in the United States is $65,712. In 2019, the state with the highest Median Household Income in the United States was District of Columbia with a value of $92,266, followed by Maryland and Massachusetts, with respective values of $86,738 and $85,843.

Males in United States have an average income that is 1.32 times higher than the average income of females, which is $54,648. The income inequality in United States (measured using the Gini index) is 0.478, which is approximately the same as than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$65,712
2019 value
± $118
6.09%
1 Year Growth
± 0.222%

Households in the United States have a median annual income of $65,712. This is in comparison to a median income of $61,937 in 2018, which represents a 6.09% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in the United States compares to the states with the highest and lowest median annual income.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$72,370
Average Male Salary in United States
± $231
$54,648
Average Female Salary in United States
± $177

In 2019, full-time male employees in United States made 1.32 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in the United States by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in United States
  1. Asian
    $72,449 ± $659
  2. White
    $58,180 ± $159
  3. Two or More Races
    $47,808 ± $691

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of United States workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in United States.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in the United States by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.478
2019 Wage GINI in United States
0.479
2018 Wage GINI in United States

In 2019, the income inequality in United States was 0.478 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.224% decline from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for United States was approximately the same as than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in United States in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in the United States across various wage buckets.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2019, the state with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in the United States was District of Columbia with a value of $92,266, followed by Maryland and Massachusetts, with respective values of $86,738 and $85,843.

The following map shows all of the states in the United States colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

12.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in the United States (39.5M out of 320M people) live below the poverty line. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    23,828,085 ± 97,299
  2. Hispanic
    10,201,081 ± 63,168
  3. Black
    8,557,464 ± 60,115

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in the United States is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

152M
2019 Value
1.48%
1 Year growth
± 1.48%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in the United States grew at a rate of 1.48%, from 150M employees to 152M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in the United States, are Other managers (3,997,077 people), Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (3,513,854 people), and Registered nurses (3,355,359 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of the United States.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of the United States, by number of employees, are Other managers (3,997,077 people), Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (3,513,854 people), and Registered nurses (3,355,359 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other nations, the United States has an unusually high number of residents working as Compensation & benefits managers (1.01 times higher than expected), Training & development managers (1.01 times), and Architectural & engineering managers (1.01 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of the United States, by average salary, are Surgeons ($334,038), Physicians ($238,718), and Chief executives & legislators ($186,649).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

152M
2019 Value
1.48%
1 Year growth
± 1.48%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in the United States grew at a rate of 1.48%, from 150M employees to 152M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in the United States, are Restaurants & Food Services (9,725,432 people), Construction (9,594,776 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (9,330,271 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of the United States, though some of these residents may live in the United States and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in the United States, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services (9,725,432 people), Construction (9,594,776 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (9,330,271 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other nations, the United States has an unusually high number of Forestry except logging (1.01 times higher than expected), Oil & gas extraction (1.01 times), and Coal mining (1.01 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in the United States, by average salary, are Internet publishing, broadcasting & web search portals ($156,361), Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($141,206), and Software publishing ($136,824).

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Civics

Donald Trump won the 2016 presidential election with 304 electoral votes for the Republican Party party. Hillary Clinton received 227 electoral votes for the Democratic Party party.

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in United States went to Hillary Rodham Clinton with 48.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (46%), followed by Gary Johnson (3.1%). The most partisan state was District of Columbia with 90.5% of the vote going to Hillary Rodham Clinton running for the Democratic Party.

The United States senate currently has a Democratic majority with 48 Democratic seats and 2 Independents caucusing with the Democrats. The United States house of representatives currently has a Democratic majority with 222 seats, and 212 seats for the Republican party.

2016 Electoral College by State

Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Donald Trump
Republican Party Nominee
304 Electoral Votes
Hillary Clinton
Democratic Party Nominee
227 Electoral Votes

Donald Trump won the 2016 presidential election with 304 electoral votes for the Republican Party party. Hillary Clinton received 227 electoral votes for the Democratic Party party.

The following map shows the outcome in each state based on electoral results from 2016 back to the 1992 presidential election.

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Presidential Popular Vote by State

Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Hillary Rodham Clinton
Popular Vote for United States
48.1% for the Democratic, Women's Equality, and Working Families Party
Most Partisan States in the United States
  1. 90.5% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)
  2. 68.6% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 67.4% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan state in the United States was District of Columbia with 90.5% of the vote going to Hillary Rodham Clinton running for the Democratic Party.

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Senate Elections by Party

Democratic
Senate Majority
48 Seats (+2)

The United States senate currently has a Democratic majority with 48 Democratic seats and 2 Independents caucusing with the Democrats.

The following chart shows senate election results by party from 1976 to 2018 (excluding special elections).

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House of Representatives by Party

Democratic
House Majority
220 Seats

The United States house of representatives currently has a Democratic majority with 222 seats, and 212 seats for the Republican party.

The following chart shows house election results by party from 2008 to 2018 (excluding special elections).

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Education

In 2019, universities in United States awarded 5,318,746 degrees. The student population of United States is skewed towards women, with 8,617,758 male students and 11,643,603 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in United States are White (2,777,812 and 55.5%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (890,350 and 17.8%), Black or African American (577,046 and 11.5%), and Asian (330,513 and 6.61%).

The largest universities in United States by number of degrees awarded are Western Governors University (34,132 and 0.642%), University of Phoenix-Arizona (29,222 and 0.549%), and Ivy Tech Community College (27,188 and 0.511%).

The most popular majors in United States are Liberal Arts & Sciences (359,690 and 6.76%), General Business Administration & Management (350,924 and 6.6%), and Registered Nursing (251,279 and 4.72%).

The median tuition costs in United States are $26,987 for private four year colleges, and $6,700 and $16,224 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 146,866 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 146,366 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 108,627 degree-majorss awarded

In 2019, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in United States was Registered Nursing with 146,866 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in United States according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 34,132 degrees awarded
  2. 29,222 degrees awarded
  3. 27,188 degrees awarded
$6,700
Median In-State Public
$26,987
Median Private

In 2019, the United States institution with the largest number of graduating students was Western Governors University with 34,132 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,209,745
Degrees Awarded to Men
3,109,001
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2019, 2,209,745 men were awarded degrees from institutions in United States, which is 0.711 times less than the 3,109,001 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in United States by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    2,777,812 degrees awarded
  2. Hispanic or Latino
    890,350 degrees awarded
  3. Black or African American
    577,046 degrees awarded

In 2019 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions in United States was White students. These 2,777,812 degrees mean that there were 3.12 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 890,350 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in the United States was $240,500 in 2019, which is 1 times the same as the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $229,700 to $240,500, a 4.7% increase. The homeownership rate in the United States is 64.1%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.1%. People in the United States have an average commute time of 26 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in the United States is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$240,500
2019 Median
± $451
$229,700
2018 Median
± $366

In 2019, the median property value in the United States grew to to $240,500 from the previous year's value of $229,700.

The following chart displays owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets. In the United States the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$65,712
Median Household Income
± $118
123M
Number of Households
± 190,277

In 2019, the median household income of the 123M households in the United States grew to $65,712 from the previous year's value of $61,937.

The following chart displays the households in the United States distributed between a series of income buckets. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+
Average Range

This chart shows the households in the United States distributed between a series of property tax buckets. In the United States the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

64.1%
2019 Homeownership
63.9%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 64.1% of the housing units in the United States were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 63.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is approximately the same as the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in the United States compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

26 minutes
Average Travel Time

The chart below shows how the median household income in United States compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (75.9%)
  2. Carpooled (8.86%)
  3. Worked At Home (5.72%)

In 2019, 75.9% of workers in the United States drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (8.86%) and those who worked at home (5.72%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in the United States distributed between a series of car ownership buckets. The largest share of households in the United States have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

90.8% of the population of the United States has health coverage, with 48.1% on employee plans, 16.9% on Medicaid, 12.1% on Medicare, 12% on non-group plans, and 1.67% on military or VA plans.

The per capita personal health care spending in Alaska is $11,064, the highest spend of any state in the United States. The second highest is Massachusetts ($10,559), followed by Delaware ($10,254).

Mississippi, Utah and Nevada are the states with highest number of primary care patients per physician per year, with 1,890, 1,725 and 1,712 patients on average in 2018.

Comparing with dentists, Mississippi, Utah and Nevada are the states with highest number of patients per year, with 2,051, 1,449 and 1,585 on average in 2019.

Comparing across all states in the nation, West Virginia has the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.1%). Additionally, Mississippi has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.1%)

Behavioral Health Conditions

State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Coverage

9.17%
Uninsured
48.1%
Employer Coverage
16.9%
Medicaid
12.1%
Medicare
12%
Non-Group
1.67%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in the United States grew by 3.48% from 8.86% to 9.17%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in the United States changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk states
  1. 15.1% prevalence
  2. 14.6% prevalence
  3. 14.5% prevalence

West Virginia has the highest prevalence of diabetes in the United States, at 15.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in the United States by state over multiple years.

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